Planta medica

Development and validation of an RP-HPLC method for quantification of cinnamic acid derivatives and kaurane-type diterpenes in Mikania laevigata and Mikania glomerata.

PMID 19096997


MIKANIA GLOMERATA and MIKANIA LAEVIGATA (Asteraceae) are medicinal plants popularly named 'guaco' in Brazil. The leaves of both species are used to treat respiratory diseases, with coumarin (CO) and kaurane-type diterpenes being regarded as the bioactive constituents. A new and simple RP-HPLC method was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantification of CO, O-coumaric (OC), benzoylgrandifloric (BA), cinnamoylgrandifloric (CA) and kaurenoic (KA) acids in the species. Optimal separation was achieved with an alternating gradient elution of methanol and acetonitrile and detection was carried out by DAD at three different wavelengths: 210 nm for CO, OC, KA; 230 nm for BA; and 270 nm for CA. The extracts showed good stability during 42 hours under normal laboratory conditions (temperature of 23 +/- 2 degrees C). The standard curves were linear over the range 0.5 - 5.0 microg (CO), 0.25 - 4.0 microg (OC), 1.0 - 8.0 microg (BA), 0.5 - 3.0 microg (CA) and 0.8 - 12.0 microg (KA), with R(2) > 0.999 for all compounds. The method showed good precision for intra-day (RSD < 4.6 %) and inter-day assays (RSD < 4.4 %). The recovery was between 99.9 and 105.3 %, except for CO and OC in M. glomerata (73.2 - 91.6 % and 86.3 - 117.4 %, respectively). The limits of quantification and detection were in the range of 0.025 - 0.800 microg and 0.007 - 0.240 microg. The method was tested for new and old columns, temperature variation (26 and 28 degrees C) and by different operators in the same laboratory. The method was successfully applied to samples of both species.

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Kaurenoic acid, ≥95% (LC/MS-ELSD)