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Chemosphere

Laboratory toxicity test and post-exposure feeding inhibition using the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii.


PMID 19103457

Abstract

A bioassay was developed using post-larvae of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (length 9-10 mm) in order to determine the toxicity of profenofos, dimethoate, chlorpyrifos, carbendazim and zinc. This was the first study in the tropics with M. rosenbergii, particularly at the post-larvae stage (9-10 mm) on lethal (LC(50)) and sublethal (EC(50)) effects of toxic substances using post-exposure feeding rate as end point. Median lethal concentrations (LC(50) at 24 and 48 h) were respectively estimated as 11.6 and 9.8 microg L(-1) for profenofos, 142.1 and 102.7 microg L(-1) for dimethoate, 0.7 and 0.3 microg L(-1) for chlorpyrifos, and 439.7 and 329 microg L(-1) for zinc. Effects of carbendazim could not be estimated because carbendazim exposure needs more than 24h exposure period to produce observable effects at the concentrations used. The EC(50) using post-exposure feeding rates determined for profenofos, dimethoate, chlorpyrifos and zinc were 6.023, 269.3, 0.293 and 109.01 microg L(-1), respectively, at 24 h of exposure. Only chlorpyrifos and zinc had LC(50) concentrations greater than the post-exposure feeding EC(50) concentrations. This study demonstrated that the M. rosenbergii could also be used as a test animal to detect the effects of different chemical contaminants in aquatic environments.

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