Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

One-step formation of straight nanostripes from a mammal lipid-oleamide directly on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite.

PMID 19125608


Hierarchical nanostructures are obtained directly on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) by spin coating of dilute chloroform solution of 9-Z-octadecenamide (oleamide), a natural lipid with cis-CdC- conformation, existing in the cerebrospinal fluid of mammal animals and being an additive for medical use and food packaging. Straight separated nanostripes with a length of 70-300 nm exist in the topmost layer and compact nanostripes in the bottom layer contacting HOPG. Compact nanostripes have a periodicity spacing of 3.8 nm, indicating H-bonding between two rows of oleamide molecules. The orientation of the hierarchical nanostructures differs by n60 degrees+/-8 degrees (n=1 or 2), reflecting the epitaxial ordering along theHOPGsubstrate. The nanostripes are stable against annealing.Amolecular packing scheme for the nanostructures is proposed, where the -C=C bond angle in oleamide is 120 degrees and the plane of the carbon skeleton lies parallel to the HOPG substrate. Nanostripes in the topmost layer are formed from separated rows of oleamide molecules, due to the short-range surface potential of the substrate. The scheme involves direct influence ofHOPGon the orientation of oleamide molecules to form nanostripes without any purposely added saturated alkanes and H-bonds between amide groups in adjacent two rows of oleamide molecules.

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Oleamide, ≥99%