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Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin

Esterase-like activity of human serum albumin. VII. Reaction with p-nitrophenyl 4-guanidino-benzoate.


PMID 1914003

Abstract

The reaction of p-nitrophenyl 4-guanidinobenzoate (NPGB) with human serum albumin (HSA) was examined kinetically at various pH's and 25 degrees C. The Michaelis constant (Ks in M) and the catalytic rate constant (k2 in s-1) were determined. The ratio of k2 to k0 (hydrolysis rate constant of NPGB in s-1) at pH 7.4 was 75.6, indicating the esterase-like activity of HSA. The effects of the reversible binding of site-specific drugs and the chemical modification by site-specific reagents on the HSA activity indicated that HSA has multiple reactive sites towards NPGB. Results of the reaction in the presence of excess NPGB over HSA also suggested the existence of multiple active sites. The pH-profile for k2 showed inflection points at about pH 6.0 and pH 10.0, suggesting the involvement of groups with pKa's of 6.0 and 10.0 in HSA.

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