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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Synthesis, structural characterization, and unusual field-effect behavior of organic transistor semiconductor oligomers: inferiority of oxadiazole compared with other electron-withdrawing subunits.


PMID 19146451

Abstract

A new series of heterocyclic oligomers based on the 1,3,4-oxadiazole ring were synthesized. Other electron-deficient cores (fluorenone and fumaronitrile) were introduced to investigate the oligomers as n-channel materials. The physical properties, thin film morphologies, and field-effect transistor characteristics of the oligomers were evaluated. Thin films were deposited at different substrate temperatures and on variously coated Si/SiO(2) for device optimization. Contrary to our expectations, the thin film devices of 4 revealed p-channel behavior, and the average hole mobility was 0.14 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) (maximum value 0.18 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1)). Compound 11 is the first example of an oxadiazole-containing organic semiconductor (OSC) oligomer in an n-channel organic field-effect transistor (OFET) and shows moderate mobilities. Non-oxadiazole-containing oligomers 9 and 12 showed n-channel OFET behavior on hexamethyldisilazane-treated and Cytop spin-coated SiO(2) in vacuum. These are the first fluorenone- and fumaronitrile-based n-OSCs demonstrated in transistors. However, oxadiazole-core materials 14 and 16 were inactive in transistor devices.

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131016
Fumaronitrile, 98%
C4H2N2