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The international journal of neuropsychopharmacology

The effect of a full agonist/antagonist of the D1 receptor on locomotor activity, sensorimotor gating and cognitive function in dizocilpine-treated rats.


PMID 19154630

Abstract

Cognitive impairment has been found across all subtypes of schizophrenia. The location and function of dopamine-1 receptors (D1Rs) make them attractive targets for the treatment of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. Here we investigate the systemic effect of a D1R agonist (A77636) and antagonist (SCH 23390) on hyperlocomotor activity and cognitive deficit induced by an NMDA receptor antagonist (MK-801). Wistar rats (250-300 g) received A77636 (0.1, 0.5 or 1 mg/kg) or SCH 23390 (0.02 or 0.05 mg/kg) with MK-801 (0.1 mg/kg) or saline for 4 d. On day 4 we assessed the prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response, locomotor activity in a novel arena and active allothetic place avoidance (spatial memory task) 15 min after the last injection. Systematic administration of the D1R agonist at 0.1 mg/kg ameliorates cognitive dysfunction in our model of schizophrenia, but increases stereotypy and locomotor activity (model of psychotic symptoms) at higher doses (0.5 or 1 mg/kg). Administration of the D1R antagonist had no effect on cognitive function, but decreased hyperlocomotion induced by MK-801. Thus, based on our results, over-activation of D1Rs may exacerbate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.

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A255
A-77636 hydrochloride hydrate, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C20H27NO3 · HCl · xH2O