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Journal of hazardous materials

Comparative study on the degradation of I.C. Remazol Brilliant Blue R and I.C. Acid Black 1 by Fenton oxidation and Fe 0/air process and toxicity evaluation.


PMID 19157699

Abstract

Degradation of Remazol Brilliant Blue R (anthraquinone dye) and Acid Black 1 (azo dye) by Fenton oxidation and low-cost Fe(0)/air process was compared. The doses of Fenton reagent needed for decolorization of Remazol Brilliant Blue R was much higher than for Acid Black 1. The Fe(0)/air process rapidly decolorized dyes within 5 min at the Fe(0) doses of 10 and 50 g L(-1) for Remazol Brilliant Blue R and Acid Black 1, respectively. COD removals of Remazol Brilliant Blue R and Acid Black 1 by the Fe(0)/air treatment were significantly higher than those by Fenton oxidation. 98% COD of Remazol Brilliant Blue R was removed by the Fe(0)/air process. The toxicity of Fe(0)/air-treated solution was significantly lower than that of Fenton-treated solution; no toxicity was detected after the treatment of Remazol Brilliant Blue R by the Fe(0)/air process. Fe(0)/air technique is a potential process for dye degradation.