Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS

Na+ mechanism of delta-opioid receptor induced protection from anoxic K+ leakage in the cortex.

PMID 19189047


Activation of delta-opioid receptors (DOR) attenuates anoxic K(+) leakage and protects cortical neurons from anoxic insults by inhibiting Na(+) influx. It is unknown, however, which pathway(s) that mediates the Na(+) influx is the target of DOR signal. In the present work, we found that, in the cortex, (1) DOR protection was largely dependent on the inhibition of anoxic Na(+) influxes mediated by voltage-gated Na(+) channels; (2) DOR activation inhibited Na(+) influx mediated by ionotropic glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, but not that by non-NMDA receptors, although both played a role in anoxic K(+) derangement; and (3) DOR activation had little effect on Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger-based response to anoxia. We conclude that DOR activation attenuates anoxic K(+) derangement by restricting Na(+) influx mediated by Na(+) channels and NMDA receptors, and that non-NMDA receptors and Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchangers, although involved in anoxic K(+) derangement in certain degrees, are less likely the targets of DOR signal.