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A comparison of the pharmacokinetics of two different formulations of extended-release niacin.

PMID 19210135


The objective of this study was to compare pharmacokinetic parameters of niacin extended-release tablets (NER uncoated) and niacin extended-release caplet formation (NER coated). Twenty-five healthy male and female subjects were enrolled in a four-period, open-label, randomized, crossover study. Both NER uncoated and NER coated were given as 1 x 1000 mg or 2 x 500 mg tablets. Similarity of NER coated 1 x 1000 mg and NER uncoated 2 x 500 mg was declared if 90% confidence intervals for the geometric mean ratio (GMR) for nicotinuric acid (NUA) Cmax fell within the pre-specified bounds of [0.7, 1.43]. The GMRs for NUA Cmax demonstrated similarity in the pharmacokinetics of NER uncoated 2 x 500 mg, NER coated 1 x 1000 mg, and NER coated 2 x 500 mg. Although less stringent comparability bounds were prespecified for the primary pharmacokinetic endpoint (i.e., Cmax of plasma NUA), inspection of the primary comparison of interest indicated that a hypothesis with more stringent bioequivalence bounds of [0.8, 1.25] would have been satisfied. The NUA Cmax for NER uncoated 1 x 1000 mg was approximately 40% higher than that seen for the other three treatments. In contrast, total urinary excretion of niacin and its metabolites, an approximate measure of bioavailability, was similar for all four treatments. The pharmacokinetic profile of the original NER uncoated formulation dosed as 2 x 500 mg was similar to the new film-coated formulation, NER coated, dosed as 1 x 1000 mg.

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Nicotinuric acid