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Journal of neuroendocrinology

A biological role for the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) metabolite, GnRH-(1-5).


PMID 19210292

Abstract

Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) was first isolated in the mammal and shown to be the primary regulator of the reproductive system through its initiation of pituitary gonadotrophin release. Subsequent to its discovery, this form of GnRH has been shown to be one of many structural variants found in the brain and peripheral tissues. Accordingly, the original form first discovered and cloned in the mammal is commonly referred to as GnRH-I. In addition to the complex regulation of GnRH-I synthesis, release and function, further evidence suggests that the processing of GnRH-I produces yet another layer of complexity in its activity. GnRH-I is processed by a zinc metalloendopeptidase EC 3.4.24.15 (EP24.15), which cleaves the hormone at the covalent bond between the fifth and sixth residue of the decapeptide (Tyr(5)-Gly(6)) to form GnRH-(1-5). It was previously thought that the cleavage of GnRH-I by EP24.15 represents the initiation of its degradation. Here, we review the evidence for the involvement of GnRH-(1-5), the metabolite of GnRH-I, in the regulation of GnRH-I synthesis, secretion and facilitation of reproductive behaviour.

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