Journal of chromatography. A

Multiresidue analysis of 83 pesticides and 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in wine by gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

PMID 19215926


A multiresidue method is described for simultaneous estimation of 83 pesticides and 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in red and white wines. The samples (20mL wine, acidified with 20 mL 1% HCl) were extracted with 10 mL ethyl acetate (+20 g sodium sulphate) and cleaned by dispersive solid-phase extraction (DSPE) with anhydrous calcium chloride and Florisil successively. The final extract (5 mL) was solvent exchanged to 1mL of cyclohexane:ethyl acetate (9:1), further cleaned by DSPE with 25mg primary secondary amine sorbent and analyzed by gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS) within 31 min run time. The limits of quantification of most analytes were 80% for most analytes except cyprodinil, buprofezin and iprodione. The expanded uncertainties at 10 ng/mL were <20% for most analytes. Intra-laboratory precision in terms of Horwitz ratio of all the analytes was below 0.5, suggesting ruggedness of the method. Effectively, the method detection limit for most analytes was as low as up to 1 ng/mL in both red and white wine, except for cyfluthrin and cypermethrin.