Neurochemical research

Docosahexaenoic acid ethyl ester enhances 6-hydroxydopamine-induced neuronal damage by induction of lipid peroxidation in mouse striatum.

PMID 19219632


Superoxide and hydroxyl radicals are implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease, and induction of lipid peroxidation is an important factor in progression of this disease. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a key component of the cell membrane, and its peroxidation is inducible due to the double-bond chemical structure. However, DHA has neuroprotective effects. In this study, we examined the effects of intraperitoneal injection (ipi) of DHA ethyl ester (DHA-Et) on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced dopamine (DA) reduction in the mouse striatum. DHA-Et ipi for 7 days before and 7 days after a single intracerebroventricular injection of 6-OHDA enhanced 6-OHDA-induced reduction of striatal DA level. On the other hand, ipi of DHA-Et for 7 days increased its concentration in the striatum. Co-injection of DHA-Et and 6-OHDA increased the levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (a marker of lipid peroxidation) in the striatum. Our results suggest that DHA-Et enhances 6-OHDA-induced DA depression by increasing lipid peroxidation, and that excessive use of DHA-Et may increase the susceptibility of Parkinson disease in animal model.