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Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

Kinetic model for astaxanthin aggregation in water-methanol mixtures.


PMID 19278898

Abstract

The aggregation of astaxanthin in hydrated methanol was kinetically studied in the temperature range from 10 degrees C to 50 degrees C, at different astaxanthin concentrations and solvent composition. A kinetic model for the formation and transformation of astaxanthin aggregated has been proposed. Spectrophotometric studies showed that monomeric astaxanthin decayed to H-aggregates that after-wards formed J-aggregates when water content was 50% and the temperature lower than 20 degrees C; at higher temperatures, very stable J-aggregates were formed directly. Monomer formed very stable H-aggregates when the water content was greater than 60%; in these conditions H-aggregates decayed into J-aggregates only when the temperature was at least 50 degrees C. Through these findings it was possible to establish that the aggregation reactions took place through a two steps consecutive reaction with first order kinetic constants and that the values of these depended on the solvent composition and temperature.

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SML0982 Astaxanthin, ≥97% (HPLC), from Blakeslea trispora
C40H52O4