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Mikrobiologiia

[Enzymes of the citramalate cycle in Rhodospirillum rubrum].


PMID 19334594

Abstract

Rhodospirillum rubrum is among the bacteria that can assimilate acetate in the absence of isocitrate lyase, the key enzyme of glyoxylate shunt. Previously we have suggested the functioning of a new anaplerotic cycle of acetate assimilation in this bacterium: citramalate cycle, where acetyl-CoA is oxidized to glyoxylate. This work has demonstrated the presence of all the key enzymes of this cycle in R. rubrum extracts: citramalate synthase catalyzing condensation of acetyl-CoA and pyruvate with the formation of citramalate, mesaconase forming mesaconate from L-citramalate, and the enzymes catalyzing transformation of propyonyl-CoA + glyoxylate <--> 3-methylmalyl-CoA <--> mesaconyl-CoA. At the same time, R. rubrum synthesizes crotonyl-CoA carboxylase/reductase, which is the key enzyme of ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway discovered recently in Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Physiological differences between the citramalate cycle and the ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway are discussed.