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The Journal of organic chemistry

Two asymmetric syntheses of AMG 221, an inhibitor of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1.


PMID 19391575

Abstract

Two asymmetric syntheses of AMG 221 (2), an inhibitor of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) discovered in our laboratories, are reported. One of the syntheses utilizes chiral trimethylsilyl cyanohydrin 12 as starting material and the other utilizes its enantiomer ent-12. The displacement approach involves the conversion of 12 to 2 via a six-step sequence, occurs with net inversion of configuration, and employs amine 6 as starting material. This route features a novel approach toward chiral dialkylsubstituted alpha-mercaptoacids. The cyclization approach entails the synthesis of 2 from ent-12 in 2 steps, takes place with net retention of configuration, and uses thiourea 8 as starting material. The final step of this route exemplifies a novel synthesis of chiral C-5 dialkylsubstituted 2-aminothiazolones from chiral alpha-hydroxyacids and thioureas. Insights into the mechanism of this transformation and study of the effect of the medium on the stereochemical outcome of the reaction are presented.