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Journal of chromatography

Peptide maps at picomolar levels obtained by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and pre-column derivatization with phenyl isothiocyanate. Microsequencing of Phenylthiocarbamyl Peptides.


PMID 1939428

Abstract

A new reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography approach to the production of analytical peptide maps by pre-column derivatization using phenylisothiocyanate is described. Tryptic peptide digests were derivatized with phenyl isothiocyanate to form the phenylthiocarbamyl peptides followed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis. The phenylthiocarbamyl peptides were separated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with the conventional gradient elution system of water-acetonitrile containing trifluoroacetic acid. The sensitivity of detection of these peptide derivatives was within the range 5-10 pmol with a constant baseline at 254-260 nm. The isolated phenylthiocarbamyl peptides can be subjected to automatic Edman degradation. The effectiveness of this method was exemplified by microsequencing of phenylthiocarbamyl peptides isolated from tryptic digests of three different proteins: alpha-lactalbumin, beta-lactoglobulin and a lambda light-chain immunoglobulin.

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