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Water research

Evaluation of two methods for quantification of hsp70 mRNA from the waterborne pathogen Cryptosporidium parvum by reverse transcription real-time PCR in environmental samples.


PMID 19401258

Abstract

We optimized and evaluated two mRNA extraction methods to quantify induced hsp70 mRNA from viable and injured Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts by reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) in raw and treated manure. Methods based on guanidinium isothiocyanate/phenol/chloroform (GITC-PC) purification and direct mRNA extraction with magnetic oligo(dT)25-coated beads were evaluated for applicability and sensitivity. Both methods proved to be suitable for processing manure samples. With washed manure samples and oocyst disruption by bead beating for 165 s in time intervals with cumulative pooling of the lysate fractions, optimum RT-qPCR results were achieved. On average, 2.6 times more hsp70 mRNA was detected with the oligo(dT)25 method in comparison to the GITC-PC based method using fresh oocysts, whereas less mRNA was detected in aged oocysts. For fresh oocysts, analytical and method detection limits for the oligo(dT)25 based method were 1.7 cDNA copies/qPCR reaction and 5150 oocysts/mL manure, and for the GITC-PC based method 17 cDNA copies/qPCR reaction and 4950 oocysts/mL, respectively. In 12 months old oocysts with reduced viability, mRNA was occasionally detected only by the GITC-PC based method. Failure of or reduced detection with the oligo(dT)25 based method was apparently a result of weakened oocyst walls leading to quicker release of mRNA and therefore mRNA shredding by bead beating in the relatively long stretch between the capture sequence and the RT-qPCR target sites.

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