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Journal of natural products

Cytotoxic and HIF-1alpha inhibitory compounds from Crossosoma bigelovii.


PMID 19405508

Abstract

Cytotoxicity-guided fractionation of an organic solvent extract of the plant Crossosoma bigelovii led to the discovery of a new strophanthidin glycoside (1) and two new 2-methylchromone glycosides (2 and 3). Also isolated were the known chromones eugenin and noreugenin, the indole alkaloid ajmalicine, the dibenzylbutane lignan secoisolariciresinol, the dibenzylbutyrolactone lignan matairesinol, and the furanone 5-tetradec-5-enyldihydrofuran-2-one. Further investigation into the biological properties of strophanthidin glycosides revealed a connection between inhibition of HIF-1 activation and the glycosylation of the genin. This work is the first published study of the bioactive phytochemicals of the family Crossosomataceae.

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