Biochimica et biophysica acta

Evidence of pores and thinned lipid bilayers induced in oriented lipid membranes interacting with the antimicrobial peptides, magainin-2 and aurein-3.3.

PMID 19409370


Dynamic structures of supramolecular lipid assemblies, such as toroidal pores and thinned bilayers induced in oriented lipid membranes, which are interacting with membrane-acting antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), magainin-2 and aurein-3.3, were explored by 31P and 2H solid-state NMR (ssNMR) spectroscopy. Various types of phospholipid systems, such as POPC-d31, POPC-d31/POPG, and POPC-d31/cholesterol, were investigated to understand the membrane disruption mechanisms of magainin-2 and aurein-3.3 peptides at various peptide-to-lipid (P:L) ratios. The experimental lineshapes of anisotropic 31P and 2H ssNMR spectra measured on these peptide-lipid systems were simulated reasonably well by assuming the presence of supramolecular lipid assemblies, such as toroidal pores and thinned bilayers, in membranes. Furthermore, the observed decrease in the anisotropic frequency span of either 31P or 2H ssNMR spectra of oriented lipid bilayers, particularly when anionic POPG lipids are interacting with AMPs at high P:L ratios, can directly be explained by a thinned membrane surface model with fast lateral diffusive motions of lipids. The spectral analysis protocol we developed enables extraction of the lateral diffusion coefficients of lipids distributed on the curved surfaces of pores and thinned bilayers on a few nanometers scale.

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Magainin II, ≥97% (HPLC)