Biomedical chromatography : BMC

A validated SIM GC/MS method for the simultaneous determination of dextromethorphan and its metabolites dextrorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan and 3-hydroxymorphinan in biological matrices and its application to in vitro CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 inhibition study.

PMID 19444798


Dextromethorphan is used as a probe drug for assessing CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 activity in vivo and in vitro. A SIM GC/MS method without derivatization for the simultaneous determination of dextromethorphan and its metabolites, dextrorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan and 3-hydroxymorphinan, in human plasma, urine and in vitro incubation matrix was developed and validated. Calibration curves indicated good linearity with a coefficient of variation (r) better than 0.995. The lower limit of quantitation was found to be 10 ng/mL for all analytes in all matrices. Intra-day and inter-day precision for dextromethorphan and its metabolites was better than 9.02 and 9.91%, respectively and accuracy ranged between 91.76 and 106.27%. Recovery for dextromethorphan, its metabolites and internal standard levallorphan was greater than 72.68%. The method has been successfully applied for the in vitro inhibition of metabolism of dextromethorphan by CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 using known inhibitors of CYPs such as quinidine and verapamil.

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