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Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP

Lack of constitutive and inducible ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity in the liver of suckermouth armored catfish (Hypostomus affinis and Hypostomus auroguttatus, Loricariidae).


PMID 19460462

Abstract

We investigated the presence and inducibility of CYP1A in suckermouth catfish (Hypostomus affinis and Hypostomus auroguttatus, Loricariidae), tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, Cichlidae) and mice (Mus musculus, Muridae). Alkoxyresorufin-O-dealkylases (EROD, MROD, PROD and BROD) were detected and proved to be inducible (beta-naphthoflavone, BNF or dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, DMBA, 50 mg/kg bw ip) in liver microsomes from tilapia and mice. In loricariids, alkoxyresorufin-O-dealkylases were either undetectable (MROD/EROD) or very low (PROD/BROD), and so they remained after treatment with BNF or DMBA. Ethoxycoumarin-O-deethylase (ECOD) was recorded in all species and proved not to be inducible by BNF or DMBA. In loricariids and tilapia, ECOD was not depressed by a concentration of alpha-naphthoflavone (CYP1A-inhibitor) that markedly depressed EROD in tilapia. A CYP1A-like protein was detected by a monoclonal antibody in rats, mice and tilapia, but not in loricariids. A polyclonal antibody, however, detected a CYP1A-like protein in liver microsomes of loricariids. Suckermouth catfish, rats, mice and tilapia express a protein reactive with a polyclonal antibody against trout CYP3A. Loricariids and tilapia exhibited marked genotoxic responses (enhanced incidence of micronucleated erythrocytes) following treatment DMBA (50 mg/kg bw ip), a promutagen activated by CYP1A/1B. Therefore, although not exhibiting EROD, a CYP1A-mediated activity, loricariids converted DMBA into its genotoxic metabolites. Our findings suggest that the CYP1A-like protein of locariid catfish recognizes DMBA, but not ethoxyresorufin, as a substrate.

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