Acta biomaterialia

Effect of soft segment crystallization and hard segment physical crosslink on shape memory function in antibacterial segmented polyurethane ionomers.

PMID 19460466


Shape memory polyurethane (SMPU) ionomers containing constant 75 wt.% soft segment content were synthesized using poly(epsilon-caprolactone)diol, 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, 1,4-butanediol and/or N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-isonicotinamide. To introduce substrate bonding antibacterial activity, pyridinium was prepared through a neutralization reaction using 1-iodooctane as neutralization agent. For the SMPU ionomer film obtained, tensile testing at 70 degrees C and dynamic mechanical analysis suggests that, at temperatures>T(ms) (the melting point of soft segments), 6.72 and 29.55 mol.% pyridinium within hard segments significantly decreased the mechanical properties such as the stress at 100% elongation (70 degrees C), the initial modulus (70 degrees C) and the elastic modulus (75-110 degrees C). Cyclic tensile investigation demonstrated that the two factors, soft segment crystallization and hard segment physical crosslink, play a very important role in shape memory function in SMPU ionomers. For the each individual specimen, the fixity ratio increased, and the recovery ratio decreased with the extension of cooling time. After sufficient cooling time, the fixity ratio of all specimens can reach a high value (approximately 95%). Owing to the disrupted physical crosslink in the sample containing 29.55 mol.% pyridinium, the crystallization rate of soft segments has less effect on shape fixity. Therefore, a high fixity ratio (93.8%) can be achieved in a short cooling time (30 s). In the control sample, the fixity ratio is only 73.7% after 30 s cooling. In addition, the admirable substrate bonding antibacterial activity of prepared SMPU ionomers was verified using standards AACTT 147 and ASTM E2149 in comparison with the control sample. The antibacterial activity of SMPU ionomers on Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) is significant, and the rate of reduction of bacteria is 100%; the antibacterial activity on Gram-negative bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae) increases from 83.6% to 90.7% with increase in pyridinium content from 6.72 to 29.55 mol.%.

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Isonicotinamide, ReagentPlus®, 99%