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Neurochemical research

Role of prostanoid production and receptors in the regulation of retinal endogenous amino acid neurotransmitters by 8-isoprostaglandin E2, ex vivo.


PMID 19513831

Abstract

The role of enzymes and receptors of the prostanoid pathway in the inhibitory effect of 8-isoprostaglandin E2 (8-isoPGE2) on endogenous amino acid neurotransmitter levels was examined, ex vivo. Freshly isolated bovine eyeballs were injected intravitreally with IsoPs, incubated in Krebs buffer for 30 min and retina prepared for HPLC-ECD detection of amino acids. 8-isoPGE2 attenuated retinal glutamate and its metabolite, glutamine and glycine in a concentration-dependent manner. The nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX)-inhibitor, flurbiprofen, COX-2 selective inhibitor, NS-398 and thromboxane (Tx) synthase inhibitor, furegrelate had no effect on both basal amino acid levels and the inhibitory effects of 8-isoPGE2 (1-100 μM) on the retinal amino acids. Whereas the TP-receptor antagonist SQ-29548(10 μM) exhibited no effect, SC-19220(EP1; 30 μM), AH-6809(EP(1-3); 30 μM) and AH-23848(EP4; 30 μM) reversed the inhibitory effects of 8-isoPGE2 (0.01-100 μM) on glutamate, glutamine and glycine levels. We conclude that prostanoid EP-receptors regulate the inhibitory effect of 8-isoPGE2 on basal levels of endogenous amino acids in bovine retina, ex vivo.

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S3065
SC 19220, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C16H14N3O3Cl