The Journal of chemical physics

Density functional theory study on Herzberg-Teller contribution in Raman scattering from 4-aminothiophenol-metal complex and metal-4-aminothiophenol-metal junction.

PMID 19548741


Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT calculations have been performed to investigate the Raman scattering spectra of metal-molecule complex and metal-molecule-metal junction architectures interconnected with 4-aminothiophenol (PATP) molecule. The simulated profiles of normal Raman scattering (NRS) spectra for the two complexes (Ag(2)-PATP and PATP-Au(2)) and the two junctions (Ag(2)-PATP-Au(2) and Au(2)-PATP-Ag(2)) are similar to each other, but exhibit obviously different Raman intensities. Due to the lager static polarizabilities of the two junctions, which directly influence the ground state chemical enhancement in NRS spectra, the calculated normal Raman intensities of them are stronger than those of two complexes by the factor of 10(2). We calculate preresonance Raman scattering (RRS) spectra with incident light at 1064 nm, which is much lower than the S(1) electronic transition energy of complexes and junctions. Ag(2)-PATP-Au(2) and Au(2)-PATP-Ag(2) junctions yield higher Raman intensities than those of Ag(2)-PATP and PATP-Au(2) complexes, especially for b(2) modes. This effect is mainly attributed to charge transfer (CT) between the metal gap and the PAPT molecule which results in the occurrence of CT resonance enhancement. The calculated pre-RRS spectra strongly depend on the electronic transition state produced by new structures. With excitation at 514.5 nm, the calculated pre-RRS spectra of two complexes and two junctions are stronger than those of with excitation at 1064 nm. A charge difference densities methodology has been used to visually describe chemical enhancement mechanism of RRS spectrum. This methodology aims at visualizing intermolecular CT which provides direct evidence of the Herzberg-Teller mechanism.

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4-Aminothiophenol, 97%