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Glucagon-like peptide-1 protects mesenteric endothelium from injury during inflammation.


PMID 19560500

Abstract

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a proglucagon-derived hormone with cellular protective actions. We hypothesized that GLP-1 would protect the endothelium from injury during inflammation. Our aims were to determine the: (1) effect of GLP-1 on basal microvascular permeability, (2) effect of GLP-1 on increased microvascular permeability induced by lipopolysaccaride (LPS), (3) involvement of the GLP-1 receptor in GLP-1 activity, and (4) involvement of the cAMP/PKA pathway in GLP-1 activity. Microvascular permeability (L(p)) of rat mesenteric post-capillary venules was measured in vivo. First, the effect of GLP-1 on basal L(p) was measured. Second, after systemic LPS injection, L(p) was measured after subsequent perfusion with GLP-1. Thirdly, L(p) was measured after LPS injection and perfusion with GLP-1+GLP-1 receptor antagonist. Lastly, L(p) was measured after LPS injection and perfusion with GLP-1+inhibitors of the cAMP/PKA pathway. Results are presented as mean area under the curve (AUC)+/-SEM. GLP-1 had no effect on L(p) (AUC: baseline=27+/-1.4, GLP-1=1+/-0.4, p=0.08). LPS increased L(p) two-fold (AUC: LPS=54+/-1.7, p<0.0001). GLP-1 reduced the LPS increase in L(p) by 75% (AUC: LPS+GLP-1=34+/-1.5, p<0.0001). GLP-1 antagonism reduced the effects of GLP-1 by 60% (AUC: LPS+GLP-1+antagonist=46+/-2.0, p<0.001). The cAMP synthesis inhibitor reduced the effects of GLP-1 by 60% (AUC: LPS+GLP-1+cAMP inhibitor=46+/-1.5, p<0.0001). The PKA inhibitor reduced the effects of GLP-1 by 100% (AUC: LPS+GLP-1+PKA inhibitor=56+/-1.5, p<0.0001). GLP-1 attenuates the increase in microvascular permeability induced by LPS. GLP-1 may protect the endothelium during inflammation, thus decreasing third-space fluid loss.