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Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology

Adenosine receptor interactions alter cardiac contractility in rat heart.


PMID 19566843

Abstract

1. The effect of the adenosine A(2) receptor (AdoA(2)R) agonist N(6)-[2-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)-ethyl]adenosine (DPMA) on adenosine A(1) receptor (AdoA(1)R)-mediated negative inotropic responses was investigated in rat heart. 2. Hearts from male Wistar rats (250-350 g) were perfused with Krebs'-Henseleit solution at constant flow in non-recirculating Langendorff mode. Hearts were paced at 5 Hz (5 ms duration, supramaximal voltage) via ventricular electrodes. After 30 min equilibration, (R)-N(6)-phenylisopropyl adenosine (R-PIA) concentration-response curves were constructed in the absence or presence of DPMA. 3. In paced hearts, R-PIA induced concentration-dependent decreases in triple product (heart rate x peak systolic developed pressure x dP / dt(max)), which were significantly attenuated by 1 nmol / L DPMA with a shift in pEC(50) from 8.0 +/- 0.5 (n = 9) in control hearts to 6.63 +/- 1.03 (n = 5) in treated tissues (P < 0.05). The AdoA(2A)R antagonist 8-(3-chlorostyryl)caffeine (1 micromol / L) and the adenylyl cyclase inhibitor cis-N-(2-phenylcyclopentyl)-azacyclotridec-1-en-2-amine hydrochloride (MDL12330A; 100 nmol / L) reversed the effects of DPMA on AdoA(1)R-mediated negative inotropic actions, whereas the AdoA(2B)R antagonist alloxazine (3 micromol / L) had no effect on DPMA activity. 4. The results of the present study show that stimulation of the AdoA(2)R attenuates AdoA(1)R-dependent reductions in inotropic state. The receptor involved appears to be the AdoA(2A)R and its action involves stimulation of adenylyl cyclase activity.

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