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Microbiology (Reading, England)

Characterization of the Aspergillus fumigatus phosphomannose isomerase Pmi1 and its impact on cell wall synthesis and morphogenesis.


PMID 19574302

Abstract

Phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) is an enzyme catalysing the interconversion of mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P) and fructose 6-phosphate (Fru-6-P). The reaction catalysed by PMI is the first committed step in the synthesis of mannose-containing sugar chains and provides a link between glucose metabolism and mannosylation. In this study, the pmi1 gene was identified to encode PMI in the human fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. Characterization of A. fumigatus Pmi1 expressed in Escherichia coli revealed that this PMI mainly catalysed the conversion of Fru-6-P to Man-6-P and that its binding affinity for Man-6-P was similar to that of yeast PMIs, but different to those of PMIs from bacteria or animals. Loss of pmi1 was lethal unless Man was provided in the growth medium. However, a Deltapmi1 mutant cell showed a significantly reduced growth rate at a high concentration of Man. Biochemical analysis revealed that both inadequate and replete Man led to an accumulation of intracellular Man-6-P and a reduction in the amount of alpha-glucan in the cell wall. Uncoupling of the link between energy production and glycosylation by deletion of the pmi1 gene led to phenotypes such as defects in cell wall integrity, abnormal morphology and reduced conidiation. Our results reveal that PMI activity is essential for viability and plays a central regulatory role in both cell wall synthesis and energy production in A. fumigatus.