Investigation of enantiomeric separation of basic drugs by capillary electrophoresis using clindamycin phosphate as a novel chiral selector.

PMID 19621372


A wide number of chiral selectors have been employed in CE and among them macrocyclic antibiotics exhibited excellent enantioselective properties toward plenteous racemic drugs. Different from macrocyclic antibiotics, the use of lincomycin antibiotics as chiral selectors has not been reported previously. In this study clindamycin phosphate belonging to the group of lincomycin antibiotics is first used as a novel chiral selector for the enantiomeric separations of several racemic basic drugs, which possess high separability, consisting of nefopam, citalopram, tryptophan, chlorphenamine and propranolol. Other basic drugs giving partial enantioseparation include tryptophan methyl ester, metoprolol and atenolol. Clindamycin phosphate possesses advantages such as high solubility and low viscosity in the water and very weak UV absorption. In the course of this work we observed that both migration time and enantioseparation were influenced by several parameters such as pH of the BGE, clindamycin concentration, capillary temperature, applied voltage and organic modifier. The optimum pH that was in the neutral or weak basic region but varied among drugs, a low capillary temperature and a clindamycin concentration of 60 or 80 mM are recommended as the optimum conditions for chiral separation of these drugs. Moreover, comparison of the influences of the studied parameters was further investigated by means of Statistical Product and Service Solutions in this paper.