Gynecologic and obstetric investigation

Tocilizumab inhibits interleukin-6-mediated matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 secretions from human amnion cells in preterm premature rupture of membranes.

PMID 19628948


In the present study, we investigated the participation of inflammatory cytokine-induced mediated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expressions and inhibition of interleukin (IL)-6-induced MMP secretion in amniotic epithelial cells by tocilizumab. To investigate the role of MMP expressions, immunohistochemical staining was performed using membranes obtained from 10 patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and from 10 patients who underwent a nonlabor cesarean section. We also investigated the regulation of MMP expression by inflammatory cytokines in human amnion cells. Immunohistochemical staining showed a significantly higher expression of MMP-2 and -9 in PPROM. Treatment of cultured WISH and primary amniotic epithelial cells with 10(-8) or 10(-7)M IL-6 or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha clearly increased the secretion of MMP-2 and -9. Treatment with 10(-8)M TNF-alpha or IL-6 significantly increased the invasion of WISH or primary amniotic epithelial cells, respectively, compared with the control. At a low concentration of 1 microg/ml, tocilizumab (anti-human IL-6 receptor monoclonal antibody) inhibited the IL-6-induced MMP secretion. This paper is the 1st report of tocilizumab inhibiting IL-6-induced MMP-2 and MMP-9 secretions from human amnion cells in PPROM.