The Journal of biological chemistry

Protein kinase C-delta transactivates platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha in mechanical strain-induced collagenase 3 (matrix metalloproteinase-13) expression by osteoblast-like cells.

PMID 19633290


Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13, or collagenase 3) has been shown to degrade intact collagen and to participate in situations where rapid and effective remodeling of collagenous ECM is required. Mechanical strain induction of MMP-13 is an example of how osteoblasts respond to high mechanical forces and participate in the bone-remodeling mechanism. Using MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells, we dissected the signaling molecules involved in MMP-13 induction by mechanical strain. Reverse transcription-PCR and zymogram analysis showed that platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) inhibitor, AG1296, inhibited the mechanical strain-induced MMP-13 gene and activity. However, the induction was not affected by anti-PDGF-AA serum. Immunoblot analysis revealed time-dependent phosphorylation of PDGFR-alpha up to 2.7-fold increases within 3 min under strain. Transfection with shPDGFR-alpha (at 4 and 8 microg/ml) abolished PDGFR-alpha and reduced MMP-13 expression. Moreover, time-dependent recruitments of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) by PDGFR-alpha were detected by immunoprecipitation with anti-PDGFR-alpha serum followed by immunoblot with anti-PI3K serum. AG1296 inhibited PDGFR-alpha/PI3K aggregation and Akt phosphorylation. Interestingly, protein kinase C-delta (PKC-delta) inhibitor, rottlerin, inhibited not only PDGFR-alpha/PI3K aggregation but PDGFR-alpha phosphorylation. The sequential activations were further confirmed by mutants DeltaPKC-delta, DeltaAkt, and DeltaERK1. Consistently, the primary mouse osteoblast cells used the same identified signaling molecules to express MMP-13 under mechanical strain. These results demonstrate that, in osteoblast-like cells, the MMP-13 induction by mechanical strain requires the transactivation of PDGFR-alpha by PKC-delta and the cross-talk between PDGFR-alpha/PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK pathways.