Journal of the American Chemical Society

Exploring photoreactions between polyazaaromatic Ru(II) complexes and biomolecules by chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization measurements.

PMID 19658383


Steady-state (1)H photo-chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization (CIDNP) experiments were conducted at 14.1 T on deoxygenated (buffered pH 7) aqueous solutions of [Ru(phen)(3)](2+), [Ru(tap)(2)(phen)](2+), and [Ru(tap)(3)](2+) (tap = 1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) in the presence of guanosine-5'-monophosphate or N-acetyltyrosine. For the first time, CIDNP arising from photo-oxidation by polyazaaromatic Ru(II) complexes is reported. In agreement with the occurrence of a photo-electron-transfer process, photo-CIDNP effects are observed with [Ru(tap)(3)](2+) and [Ru(tap)(2)(phen)](2+) but not with [Ru(phen)(3)](2+). With [Ru(tap)(2)(phen)](2+), no significant photo-CIDNP is observed for the (1)H nuclei of the phen ligand, consistent with the fact that the metal-to-ligand charge-transfer triplet excited states responsible for the photo-oxidation involve a tap ligand. Successive experiments with [Ru(tap)(3)](2+) highlight the accumulation of long-lived radical species in solution that cause (1)H NMR signal broadening and photo-CIDNP extinction. The (1)H photo-CIDNP observed for the biomolecules is rather weak, less than about 30% of the equilibrium magnetization. However, up to 60% polarization enhancement is observed for H-2 and H-7 of the tap ligands, which indicates high unpaired electron density in the vicinity of these atoms in the transient radical pair. This is consistent with the structure of known photoadducts formed, for instance, between the metallic compounds and the guanine base of mono- and polynucleotides. Indeed, in these adducts the covalent bond involves carbon C-2 or C-7 of a tap ligand. The occurrence of photo-CIDNP with polyazaaromatic Ru(II) complexes opens new perspectives for the study of this type of compound.