Biochimica et biophysica acta

Inhibition of rat liver acetyl-CoA carboxylase by beta, beta'-tetramethyl-substituted hexadecanedioic acid (MEDICA 16).

PMID 1967952


Rat liver acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity was inhibited by the free as well as the CoA monothioester of beta, beta'-methyl-substituted hexadecanedioic acid (MEDICA 16) (Bar-Tana, J., Rose-Kahn, G. and Srebnik, M. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 8404-8410 (1985). (1) The CoA monothioester of MEDICA 16 served as a dead-end inhibitor with an apparent Ki of 2 microM and 58 microM for the biotin-carboxylated and noncarboxylated enzyme forms, respectively. MEDICA 16-CoA binding was not mutually exclusive with that of citrate and did not affect the avidin-resistance of rat liver acetyl-CoA carboxylase. (2) The free dioic acid of MEDICA 16 was competitive to citrate, having an apparent Ki of about 70 microM, as compared to a Ka of 2-8 mM for the citrate activator. Inhibition of the carboxylase by the free dioic acid of MEDICA 16 was accompanied by an increase in its avidin resistance. The resultant inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase by MEDICA 16 and its CoA thioester, together with the previously reported citrate-competitive inhibition of ATP-citrate lyase by MEDICA 16, may account for the observed hypolipidemic effect of MEDICA 16 under dietary conditions where liver lipogenesis constitutes a major flux of liver lipid synthesis.

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MEDICA 16, powder, ≥97% (HPLC)