Molecular and cellular biochemistry

Acacetin, a flavonoid, inhibits the invasion and migration of human prostate cancer DU145 cells via inactivation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

PMID 19693651


Acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a flavonoid compound, has anti-peroxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The effect of acacetin on antimetastasis in human prostate cancer DU-145 cells was investigated. First, the result demonstrated acacetin could exhibit an inhibitory effect on the abilities of the adhesion, invasion, and migration by cell-matrix adhesion assay, wound-healing assay, and Boyden chamber assay. Data also showed acacetin could inhibit the phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) involved in the downregulation of the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) at both the protein and mRNA levels. Next, acacetin significantly decreased the nuclear levels of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB), c-Fos, and c-Jun. Also, the treatment with acacetin to DU145 cells also leads to a dose-dependent inhibition on the binding ability of NF-kappaB and activator protein-1 (AP-1). Furthermore, the treatment of inhibitors specific for p38 MAPK (SB203580) to DU145 cells could cause reduced expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9, and u-PA. These results showed acacetin could inhibit the invasion and migration abilities of DU145 cells by reducing MMP-2, MMP-9, and u-PA expressions through suppressing p38 MAPK signaling pathway and inhibiting NF-kappaB- or AP-1-binding activity. These findings proved acacetin might be offered further application as an antimetastatic agent.

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Acacetin, ≥97.0% (HPLC)