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Virology

Coding properties of the S and the M genome segments of Sapporo rat virus: comparison to other causative agents of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.


PMID 1970443

Abstract

Three serologically distinct groups of hantaviruses have been associated with severe, moderate, and mild forms of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). To gain a better understanding of the genetic variation among these viruses, we cloned and sequenced the M and the S genome segments of Sapporo rat virus, an etiologic agent of moderate HFRS, and compared the predicted gene products to those of Hantaan virus, and the Hällnäs strain of Puumala virus, which are etiologic agents of severe and mild HFRS, respectively. The SR-11 S segment consisted of 1769 nucleotides and had an open reading frame (ORF) in the virus-complementary sense RNA with a coding capacity of 429 amino acids. Deduced amino acids from the SR-11 S segment ORF displayed 83% homology with those of Hantaan nucleocapsid (N) protein. Comparison of the S segment ORFs of all three viruses revealed 58% homology. No evidence for additional nonstructural protein(s) encoded by the SR-11 S segment was obtained. The SR-11 M segment consisted of 3651 nucleotides and had an ORF in the virus-complementary sense RNA with a coding capacity of 1134 amino acids. Amino acid sequences predicted from the SR-11 M segment ORF were 75% homologous with those encoding Hantaan G1 and G2 envelope glycoproteins. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of the M segment ORFs of SR-11, Hantaan, and Hällnäs viruses revealed a 43% homology for amino acids constituting the G1 proteins and a 55% homology for amino acids constituting the G2 proteins of the three viruses. The envelope proteins of SR-11 virus were localized within the M segment ORF by amino-terminal sequence analysis of purified G1 and G2. G1 initiated at amino acid 17 and G2 at amino acid 647 within the ORF. Five potential asparagine-linked glycosylation sites were identified in the SR-11 G1 coding sequences, four of which were conserved between Hantaan and SR-11 viruses and three of which were conserved among all three viruses. One potential glycosylation site was identified in the SR-11 G2 coding sequences and was conserved among Hantaan, SR-11 and Hällnäs viruses. Cysteine residues were highly conserved within the M segment ORFs of all three viruses, suggesting a similar structure and function of the G1 and G2 proteins.