International journal of pharmaceutics

Influence of perfusate composition on drug disposition in the in-situ perfused rat lung.

PMID 19716867


This study compared the impact of two perfusates (A: 4.5% BSA-MOPS buffer and B: 4% dextran and 0.5% BSA-MOPS buffer) on the pharmacokinetics of the physiological markers [(3)H]-water, [(14)C]-sucrose, [(14)C]-antipyrine and Evans Blue-labelled albumin; and the drugs atenolol and propranolol using an in-situ single pass perfusion model in the rat lung. The multiple indicator dilution approach was used to define disposition. Similar perfusion pressures (17.6+/-6.71 vs 17.7+/-8.87 cm H(2)O), lung wet/dry ratio (6.14+/-1.16 vs 5.16+/-0.87), physiological spaces, and permeability-surface area products were found for the two perfusates. However, the recovery of propranolol using perfusate A (49.3+/-10.1%) was significantly higher than that using perfusate B (38.9+/-9.91%). This difference was consistent with changes in perfusate oncotic pressure associated with water and albumin distribution between the vascular, interstitial and cellular volumes of the lung.