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Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Delivery and efficacy of a cancer drug as a function of the bond to the gold nanoparticle surface.


PMID 19719162

Abstract

In this feature article, gold nanoparticle conjugates loaded with phthalocyanine-based PDT drugs are prepared and tested for delivery efficiency and PDT efficacy on HeLa cancer cells. It could be shown that the delivery and PDT outcome are strongly affected by the bond that links the drug load to the nanoparticle surface. Whereas labile amino adsorption to the Au nanoparticle surface allows for efficient drug release into the cancer cells and for efficient PDT, a covalent thiol bond to the Au nanoparticle leads to the delivery of the drug into cell vesicles, and no PDT effect is observed. This work highlights the importance of carefully choosing the interaction between drug molecules and the nanoparticle surface.

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389935
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