Analytica chimica acta

Use of a bisphenol-A imprinted polymer as a selective sorbent for the determination of phenols and phenoxyacids in honey by liquid chromatography with diode array and tandem mass spectrometric detection.

PMID 19720192


An extraction-preconcentration procedure based on the use of a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) as selective sorbent has been developed for the determination of several phenolic compounds (bisphenol-A, bisphenol-F and 4-nitrophenol) and phenoxyacid herbicides (2,4-D, 2,4,5-T and 2,4,5-TP) in honey samples. Liquid chromatography with diode array detection (LC-DAD) and electrospray ionisation-ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-IT-MS) were used for the separation, identification and quantification of these analytes. The molecularly imprinted polymer was obtained by precipitation polymerisation with bisphenol-A (BPA) as template and 4-vinylpyridine as the functional monomer. The behaviour of this sorbent was compared with those of other materials frequently used in SPE. The selectivity of the BPA-MIP for the target analytes was tested in samples containing other pesticides in common use. The recoveries achieved for all six compounds were in the 81-96% range. By applying the proposed procedure prior to LC-IT-MS, the limits of detection achieved in commercial honey samples were in the 0.1-3.8 ng g(-1) range, with relative standard deviations of 12-24%.