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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Endocrine disruptive effect of 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol isolated from diesel exhaust particles in Hershberger assay using castrated immature rats.


PMID 19734673

Abstract

To examine the endocrine disruptive effects of 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (4-nitro-m-cresol; PNMC) in diesel exhaust particles (DEP), the rat Hershberger assay was carried out using castrated immature rats. Castrated 28-d-old immature male rats were implanted with a 5-mm-long silastic tube containing crystalline testosterone and injected with PNMC subcutaneously at doses 1, 10, or 100 mg/kg for 5 consecutive d. The weights of the livers significantly decreased in the 10 and 100 mg/kg PNMC treatment groups as compared with the control group. The weights of the seminal vesicles significantly increased in the 10 mg/kg PNMC treatment group as compared with the control group. The weights of the Cowper's glands were significantly increased in 1 mg/kg PNMC treatment group compared with the control group. The concentrations of plasma testosterone significantly increased in the 10 and 100 mg/kg PNMC treatment groups, indicating that PNMC induced accumulation of bioactive testosterone released from the implanted tube in circulation. Plasma follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels significantly decreased under all the doses in the PNMC treatment groups, indicating that PNMC acts on the hypothalamus-pituitary axis.