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American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

Impaired function of coronary BK(Ca) channels in metabolic syndrome.


PMID 19749164

Abstract

The role of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels in regulation of coronary microvascular function is widely appreciated, but molecular and functional changes underlying the deleterious influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) have not been determined. Male Ossabaw miniature swine consumed for 3-6 mo a normal diet (11% kcal from fat) or an excess-calorie atherogenic diet that induces MetS (45% kcal from fat, 2% cholesterol, 20% kcal from fructose). MetS significantly impaired coronary vasodilation to the BK(Ca) opener NS-1619 in vivo (30-100 microg) and reduced the contribution of these channels to adenosine-induced microvascular vasodilation in vitro (1-100 microM). MetS reduced whole cell penitrem A (1 microM)-sensitive K(+) current and NS-1619-activated (10 microM) current in isolated coronary vascular smooth muscle cells. MetS increased the concentration of free intracellular Ca(2+) and augmented coronary vasoconstriction to the L-type Ca(2+) channel agonist BAY K 8644 (10 pM-10 nM). BK(Ca) channel alpha and beta(1) protein expression was increased in coronary arteries from MetS swine. Coronary vascular dysfunction in MetS is related to impaired BK(Ca) channel function and is accompanied by significant increases in L-type Ca(2+) channel-mediated coronary vasoconstriction.

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