Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP

Derivation of Biomonitoring Equivalents for di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BzBP), and diethyl phthalate (DEP).

PMID 19751787


Recent efforts worldwide have resulted in a growing database of measured concentrations of chemicals in blood and urine samples taken from the general population. However, few tools exist to assist in the interpretation of the measured values in a health risk context. Biomonitoring Equivalents (BEs) are defined as the concentration or range of concentrations of a chemical or its metabolite in a biological medium (blood, urine, or other medium) that is consistent with an existing health-based exposure guideline, and are derived by integrating available data on pharmacokinetics with existing chemical risk assessments. This study reviews available health-based exposure guidance values for di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BzBP), and diethyl phthalate (DEP) from Health Canada, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). BE values corresponding to the oral reference dose (RfD), minimal risk level (MRL) or tolerable daily intake (TDI) estimates from these agencies were derived for each compound based on data on excretion fractions of key urinary metabolites. These values may be used as screening tools for evaluation of biomonitoring data for metabolites of these three phthalate compounds in the context of existing risk assessments and for prioritization of the potential need for additional risk assessment efforts for each of these compounds relative to other chemicals.