European journal of pharmacology

Interaction of the atypical neuroleptic clozapine with 5-HT3 receptors in the cerebral cortex and superior cervical ganglion of the rat.

PMID 1977590


Clozapine, an atypical neuroleptic drug devoid of extrapyramidal side effects, was a moderately potent, competitive inhibitor of the binding of [3H]quaternised ICS 205-930 to 5-HT3 receptor sites in rat cortical membranes, possessing a pKi value of 7.0. In contrast, several other antipsychotic agents, including fluphenazine, alpha-flupenthixol, haloperidol, spiperone and (-)-sulpiride were essentially inactive. Clozapine also antagonised the 2-methyl 5-HT-induced depolarisation of the rat isolated superior cervical ganglion, a response known to be mediated via 5-HT3 receptors. Clozapine (0.1-1 microM) induced parallel displacements to the right of the dose-response curve to 2-methyl 5-HT in this tissue, possessing a pKb value of 7.3. These data suggest that the atypical antipsychotic profile of clozapine may be related, at least, in part to its ability to interact with central 5-HT3 receptor sites.