International journal of pharmaceutics

MRP isoforms and BCRP mediate sulfate conjugate efflux out of BeWo cells.

PMID 19782739


The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and the multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) have the ability to eliminate sulfate conjugates but it is not known if this constitutes one of their roles in the placenta. To determine this, the BeWo cell line was used as a model of placental trophoblast cells and the mechanisms of elimination of sulfate metabolites of two common sulfotransferase substrates, 4-nitrophenol and acetaminophen were examined. At 0.5-200 microM, neither 4-nitrophenyl sulfate nor acetaminophen sulfate affected the accumulation of the BCRP substrates BODIPY FL prazosin or mitoxantrone in BeWo monolayers, indicating a lack of interaction of BCRP with the sulfates. Examination of the effect of BCRP/MRP inhibitors on the efflux of intracellularly generated 4-nitrophenyl sulfate and acetaminophen sulfate, indicated that one or more of the MRP isoforms play a major role in the elimination of 4-nitrophenyl sulfate and acetaminophen sulfate across the basolateral (fetal-facing) and apical (maternal-facing) membranes respectively. BCRP played a minor role in the elimination of these two sulfate conjugates across the apical membrane. This study demonstrates that a yet undetermined role of trophoblast efflux transporters is the elimination of sulfate conjugates.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

Potassium 4-nitrophenyl sulfate, sulfatase substrate