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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Practical access to amines by platinum-catalyzed reduction of carboxamides with hydrosilanes: synergy of dual Si-H groups leads to high efficiency and selectivity.


PMID 19785414

Abstract

The synergetic effect of two Si-H groups leads to efficient reduction of carboxamides to amines by platinum catalysts under mild conditions. The rate of the reaction is dependent on the distance of two Si-H groups; 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane (TMDS) and 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)benzene are found to be an effective reducing reagent. The reduction of amides having other reducible functional groups such as NO(2), CO(2)R, CN, C horizontal lineC, Cl, and Br moieties proceeds with these groups remaining intact, providing a reliable method for the access to functionalized amine derivatives. The platinum-catalyzed reduction of amides with polymethylhydrosiloxane (PMHS) also proceeds under mild conditions. The reaction is accompanied by automatic removal of both platinum and silicon wastes as insoluble silicone resin, and the product is obtained by simple extraction. A mechanism involving double oxidative addition of TMDS to a platinum center is discussed.

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