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International journal of molecular medicine

Antitumor activity of asukamycin, a secondary metabolite from the actinomycete bacterium Streptomyces nodosus subspecies asukaensis.


PMID 19787206

Abstract

Asukamycin, a manumycin-type metabolite, was isolated by a rapid and easily scalable purification scheme. Thus far, studies on the biological activity of asukamycin have been limited to its role as an antibacterial and antifungal agent. By using five different tumor cell lines we demonstrate antineoplastic activity of asukamycin. It inhibited cell growth at concentrations similar to other members of the manumycin family (IC50 1-5 microM). Cytotoxicity of asukamycin was accompanied by activation of caspases 8 and 3 and was diminished by SB 202190, a specific p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor. These data, in combination with earlier observations showing its low in vivo toxicity, indicate that further studies on the potential antitumor activity of asukamycin are warranted.

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M6418
Manumycin A from Streptomyces parvulus
C31H38N2O7