Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Redox regulation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor expression in rat neurons.

PMID 19799867


Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) expression is induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) in normal rat neurons and serves a negative regulatory role by blunting the chronotropic actions of this peptide. The aim here was to determine whether hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), a reactive oxygen species (ROS) that is a key intracellular mediator of the neuronal actions of Ang II, is a trigger for MIF production in neurons. Thus, we tested the effects of H(2)O(2) on MIF expression in primary neuronal cultures from newborn normotensive (Wistar Kyoto [WKY] or Sprague-Dawley [SD]) rat brain, cells that respond to Ang II by increasing MIF levels. Treatment of WKY or SD rat neuronal cultures with a non-cytotoxic concentration of H(2)O(2) elicited a significant, time-dependent increase in MIF mRNA and protein levels. Glucose oxidase, which produces H(2)O(2) via oxidation of glucose in the cell-culture medium, elicited a similar increase in neuronal MIF mRNA levels. The stimulatory action of H(2)O(2) was not apparent in neuronal cultures from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), cells that fail to express increased MIF in response to Ang II. Finally, preincubation of SD rat cultures with either polyethylene glycol-catalase or actinomycin D abolished the H(2)O(2)-induced increase in MIF, suggesting that this ROS is acting intracellularly to increase transcription of the MIF gene. These results suggest the presence of a redox regulatory mechanism for induction of MIF in normotensive rat neurons.