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Journal of hazardous materials

Sister chromatid exchanges and chromosomal aberrations in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells treated with the insecticide pirimicarb.


PMID 19811874

Abstract

Pirimicarb and its formulation Aficida (50% pirimicarb) effects were studied on CHO-K1 cells employing sister chromatid exchange (SCE), chromosomal aberrations (CA), cell-cycle progression and mitotic index analyses. Continuous treatments were performed within 10-300 microg/ml concentration-range. Pirimicarb, but not Aficida, induced a concentration-dependent increase of abnormal cells. Pirimicarb induced a greater frequency of chromatid/isochromatid breaks than Aficida did. Regression analyses showed a concentration-dependent increase in the frequency of chromatid-type breaks for both compounds whereas only the frequency of isochromatid-type breaks did in those pirimicarb-treated cultures. SCEs in pirimicarb- or Aficida-treated cultures were significantly higher than control values with concentrations of 100-200 microg/ml. Both test compounds induced equivalent frequency of SCEs. A delay in cell-cycle kinetics was observed for pirimicarb and Aficida within 100-300 and 200-300 microg/ml concentration-range, respectively. An inhibition of MI was observed for both chemicals regardless of tested concentrations. Finally, the CAs appears to be a higher sensitive bioassay to detect DNA damage at lower concentrations of pirimicarb than SCEs does. The results demonstrated that pirimicarb and Aficida exert geno-cytotoxicity, at least in CHO-K1 cells.

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45627
Pirimicarb, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
C11H18N4O2