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Analytical chemistry

405 nm absorption detection in nanoliter volumes.


PMID 19813748

Abstract

Analytical UV absorption detection for microfluidic devices, capillary electrophoresis, and even high-performance liquid chromatography is hampered by the small detection volumes, short absorption paths, and the need to sample at a high rate with a stable background and low noise. Fiber-loop ring-down spectroscopy (FLRDS) permits absorption detection of dilute liquid samples in volumes as small as a few nanoliters, while being insensitive to light source fluctuations and permitting a millisecond temporal resolution. We demonstrate a FLRDS based detection scheme that is compatible in dimensions (<200 microm absorption path, 6.0 nL detection volume) and optical design (405 nm detection wavelength, fiber coupled) with existing separation systems. An optical/fluidic interface has been built that allows injection of laser light into the loop while also permitting delivery of the sample. The detection limit of tartrazine was determined to be 5 microM (30 fmol) corresponding to an absorption of 0.11 cm(-1). Equivalent results were obtained when detecting myoglobin, a heterocyclic pharmaceutical ingredient, and 5.17 microm diameter polystyrene beads.

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