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Ultrasonics sonochemistry

Ultrasound-assisted one-pot, three-component synthesis of spiro[indoline-3,4'-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine]-2,6'(1'H)-diones in water.


PMID 19836289

Abstract

A simple, facile, efficient and three-component procedure for the synthesis of spiro[indoline-3,4'-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine]-2,6'(1'H)-diones by the reaction of 4-hydroxycumarin, isatins and 1H-pyrazol-5-amines in water under ultrasonic irradiation is reported. The advantages of this method are the use of an inexpensive and readily available catalyst, easy work-up, good yields, and the use of water as a solvent that is considered to be relatively environmentally benign.

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