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Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry

Degradation kinetics of the Alternaria mycotoxin tenuazonic acid in aqueous solutions.


PMID 19941132

Abstract

The degradation kinetics of the Alternaria mycotoxin tenuazonic acid (l-TA) in aqueous buffer were studied over a period of 4 months at different pH levels (3.5 and 7.0) and temperatures (4, 25 and 40 degrees C). l-TA and its degradation products were quantified by newly developed high-performance liquid chromatography methods with UV or electrospray multistage mass spectrometry detection. At pH 3.5, significant degradation occurred at 25 and 40 degrees C, the respective l-TA half-lives being 73.8 +/- 0.4 and 14.0 +/- 0.1 days. Two degradation processes, epimerization and hydrolysis, were evaluated kinetically. The hydrolytically formed iso-deacetyl TA (iso-DTA, epimeric mixture) was found to be the stable end product of l-TA degradation under the conditions of this study. This indicates that iso-DTA as well as the l-TA epimer u-TA are formed in aqueous beverage matrices.

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