Diabetes-associated changes and role of N epsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine in big ET-1-induced coronary vasoconstriction.

PMID 19962413


Using perfused hearts from streptozotocin-induced long-term diabetic rats, we studied the coronary vasoconstrictor effect of the endothelin-1 (ET-1) precursor big ET-1 and also whether this response was modulated by N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML; a representative advanced glycation end product that is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic vasculopathy). The big ET-1-induced vasoconstriction (a) developed more rapidly (i.e., was greater in the first 30 min) in the diabetic group than in the age-matched controls, and (b) in each group was largely suppressed by phosphoramidon [nonselective endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE)/neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor] or CGS35066 (selective ECE inhibitor), but not by thiorphan (selective NEP inhibitor). The ET-1 release occurring after treatment with big ET-1, which was greater in diabetic coronary arteries than in the controls, was reduced by CGS35066. The dose-response curve for ET-1 was shifted to the left in the diabetics, so that at some lower doses of ET-1 the vasoconstriction was greater than in the controls. CML enhanced big ET-1- or ET-1-induced vasoconstriction in the controls, but not in the diabetics. Finally, the plasma level of CML was higher in diabetic than in control rats. These findings suggest (a) that the increased responsiveness to big ET-1 shown by diabetic coronary arteries may be attributable both to a more rapid conversion of big ET-1 to ET-1 (by ECE), allowing it to exert its contractile activity, and to an increased vascular sensitivity to ET-1, and (b) that CML may be at least partly responsible for the diabetes-associated enhancement of big ET-1-mediated coronary vasoconstriction.

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DL-Thiorphan, ≥98% (TLC)